Beer in the Modern Age
The end of the Middle Ages gave way to the Modern Age, which means that beer was no longer the exclusive attribute of the Church. The laity also brew beer. Furthermore, the French Revolution of 1789 affected abbey beers, as it brought with it anticlericalism, the confiscation of monasteries and the flight of monks.
It was also in the Modern Age when legislation around brewing began. Perhaps the best known standard isPurity Law of 1516 by whichGuillermo IV standardized its production based on three ingredients: water, barley malt and hops. With the progressive disappearance of feudal power in favor of the bourgeoisie, we also find the first artisans, and with them the union associations. The first brewer's guilds were born in the Modern Age, such as theHouse of the Brewers of Brussels, who imposed their own rules.
Also, thelegend of gambrinus. There are different versions of this character. Most agree that he was a king, or at least a noble. The most romantic of the stories maintains that Gambrinus was a humble violinist who, unable to seduce his beloved, decided to make a pact with the devil. However, the devil replies that love is the only thing beyond his control, but that it can help him forget love in exchange for his soul. The devil helps Gambrinus brew, and then he no longer remembers his beloved. When Gambrinus dies, the devil only finds a keg of beer.
Perhaps one of the great brewing advances of the Modern Age is the discovery of thelow fermentation and lager beers in consecuense. In Munich, beers matured in frozen caves, so beer fermentation was slower and time-consuming. These cold tanks where the beer was kept in the hot months receive the name that in Spanish we interpret as winery. The result is a more crystalline beer that later conquered the globe.o.
It was in the Modern Age when the use ofhops as an additive to beer became widespread in Europe. In fact, the British Parliament agreed in the 18th century that hops would be the only ingredient allowed to make beer bitter.
If we focus on the Iberian Peninsula, Carlos I of Spain and V of the Holy German Empire ordered to build factories and brought with them master brewers to enjoy European beer. Far from this implying the expansion of this drink, the truth is that the consumption of beer was exclusive to the court.
As we see, the Modern Age was a stage of change for beer in Europe, where it is consolidated in most territories as a drink closer to what we can drink today.